Health Skin Care

Causes of Small red dots on skin and treatment

small red dots on skin

Little and tiny red dots on skin are caused by several reasons and most of them are not likely to raise any serious concern while some of these red dots on skin can be an indicator of some serious condition inside the body. In this article we will study several causes of red dots on skin and their probable treatments.

What are small red dots on skin?

The red dots on  skin are caused by several reasons. Our skin is very sensitive and delicate organ and is prone to rash, bumps and blemishes of any kind. The small red dots on the skin are generally non itchy rashes or outbreaks of the skin. There are some factors which trigger the formation of these small red dots on skin. If you find such small dots on skin suspicious you must consult a dermatologist.

  • What are the causes of small red dots on skin?

 Causes of small red dots on skin and their treatment.

  • Cherry angiomas or red moles:

One of the most common skin condition seen in the people who are above 30 years of age is known as Cherry angiomas or red moles. These are also known as Campbell De Morgan spots. These tiny red dots on skin have characteristic red color due to the broken blood vessels inside. One red dot on skin sometimes look suspicious to the people and they tend to find out the cause. According to some investigators, these red moles are inherited and thus controlled genetically. Exposure to certain chemicals, pregnancy and hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy are some of the triggers for the appearance of tiny red dots on skin. These tiny red dots on skin are completely harmless under normal circumstances, however sometimes the size and shape changes considerably and this is the time when you need to consult doctor.

Cherry angiomas or red moles

  • Petechiae:

One of the forms of tiny red dots on skin is petechiae. These are the skin outgrowths which are caused by bleeding and hence they normally have reddish or purplish brown coloration. These tiny red dots on the skin appear in the form of clusters. These are the result of some allergies of the skin, immune diseases, infections either viral or fungal, local injury etc. sometimes, the treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy can result in the formation of tiny red dots on skin or Petechiae. Some anti clotting medications can also result in the formation of these small red dots on skin. The treatment methods include the use of cold compresses or ice packs at the affected area so that further damage to the skin is reduced.

Petechiae

  • Keratosis Pilaris

One of the condition which results in the appearance of small red dots on skin is Keratosis Pilaris. The condition is described as chicken bumps or skin gooses which make their appearance on arms. The condition turns serious in winters and in summer the person feels quite relieved. According to some dermatologists, dryness of the skin is also a cause of these small red dots on skin or Keratosis Pilaris. There is no specific treatment and the condition improves with age. You can however use some rich moisturizers to feel better and comfortable. Either you experience Red spots on skin itchy or red spots on skin non itchy you need to consult dermatologist soon.

Keratosis Pilaris

  • Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis:

When the blood vessels under the skin get inflamed due to some reasons, the resultant outbursts in the form of little red dots on skin are known as Leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Not only is our skin, some other vital organs of the body affected as a result of this condition. Some main organs or systems which are damaged due to Leukocytoclastic vasculitis are central nervous system, gastro intestinal tract, lungs, heart and kidneys. Once the skin is affected the underlying blood vessels which are damaged turn leaky. The condition also results in the formation of raised lesions due to haemorrhage and these little red dots on skin thus formed are known as palpable purpura. These little red dots are generally found on legs and can cause itch. The red spots on legs are sometimes not a serious concern. However if the inflammation goes unchecked it can damage the blood vessels to a great extent and can result in ulcerated skin blisters which are extremely painful. Consult your doctor if you notice these little red dots on skin for the early treatment of Leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Doctors will evaluate the patient’s history and sensitivity to medicines and might prescribe steroidal ointments along with immune suppressing medications to treat these pinpoint red dots on skin.

Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis

  • Heat rash:

Due to high temperature our skin responds by producing sweat. Sometimes the sweat gets trapped inside the clogged pores and little red dots on skin appear as tiny reddish bumps which in extreme heat turn itchy. For the people who are living in hot and humid environment, this is one of the frequent skin conditions. Some menthol containing ointments are generally prescribed by doctors as they cool the skin. Taking bath and keeping the skin cool will help in the faster recovery. You can check out for tiny red dots on skin pictures to find out if you have same red rashes or of different kind.

Heat rash

  • When to consult doctor?

Red dots on skin are generally harmless; however there are some conditions where one has to keep a notice of these small red dots on skin as they can be an indicator of something serious inside the skin or body. however if these red dots on skin appear in the form of clusters and are itchy or painful, you need to consult dermatologist for in time evaluation and treatment.

Conclusion:

Red dots on skin are caused by several reasons. Normally the blood vessels under the skin are damaged and they cause red dots, sometimes these red dots are due to exposure to certain medications or chemical or pregnancy. In any case, it is better to consult a dermatologist to rule out the risk of associated complications.

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About the author

Jennifer K. Garcia

Jennifer K. Garcia is a is a health consultant form last 6 year. She is finally decided to run a blog to help people online.You can contact him via Email or follow him on Facebook. Also add him on